Pitha or pithe is a type of cake, dimsum or bread common in Bangladesh and India, especially the eastern states of Assam, Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, and the northeastern region. Pithas are typically made of rice flour, although there are some types of pitha made of wheat flour. Less common types of pitha are made of palm or ol (a local root vegetable).
While some pithas can be made any time of the year in Bengal (Bangladesh and Indian West Bengal), there are special pithas strongly associated with harvest festivals such as Nabanna and the Poush parbon (the Poush festival). Pithas are often served with sweet syrups such as date tree molasses. Some of the most common pithas found in Bengal (both in Bangladesh and West Bengal) include the following:
Aarisha Kakara Pitha
Bhapa pitha (lit. “steamed pitha”) or dhupi
Pakan pitha: fried
Puli pitha: dumplings
Beni pitha (lit. “braid pitha”)